A pioneering team of African scientists is at the forefront of a groundbreaking mission to create advanced artificial intelligence (AI) tools tailored specifically for African languages. The Masakhane Research Foundation, under the leadership of Kathleen Siminyu, is determined to tackle the disparity that widely-used AI technologies, such as text generators and voice assistants, pose for billions due to their focus on mainstream languages like English, French, and Spanish. This dynamic initiative seeks to promote inclusivity and representation in the realm of language technology advancement.
The challenge lies in the scarcity of data for African languages within the field of natural language processing, a core branch of AI that empowers computers to comprehend human languages. In response, the research team embarked on an inclusive journey involving vital stakeholders, ranging from linguists, writers, and software engineers to entrepreneurs. This collaborative effort revealed four pivotal factors crucial to designing effective tools for African languages.
First and foremost, the team underscored the immense cultural significance and societal role of indigenous languages, while acknowledging the historical impact of colonization. Second, the imperative to support African content creation was highlighted, encompassing tools like dictionaries and spell checkers. The third imperative emphasized the necessity for collaboration between linguistics and computer science, rooted in community engagement and ethical practices.
The roadmap ahead for the team encompasses not only breaking barriers to technology access but also developing an array of language tools, ranging from translation services to content moderation. These findings not only pave the way for improved technological access but also contribute significantly to the preservation of indigenous African languages. Siminyu envisions a world where Africans can harness opportunities on par with speakers of more widely used languages.
This collaborative endeavour serves as an industry-wide blueprint for impactful language tool development, uniting organizations in their pursuit of effective solutions. Siminyu concludes that the outcomes of this study meticulously outline priorities, directing investments in both time and resources. With this groundbreaking initiative, the AI field takes a monumental leap toward linguistic inclusivity, fostering empowerment across education, politics, and the economy.
Article by Nyokabi Wanjiku